Music is an art form that can only be responded to by the sense of hearing. Compared to other types of art. Music tends to be more abstract because it can not be known how its form other than can be heard. This type of art also has many benefits and functions.
According to the philosopher, Plato from Athens – Greece, the function of music has a sufficient role in human life. In addition, he also alluded to, if the function of music has a strong enough influence in the political field.
Music can be for strength, good or evil. Even in history, the triumph or collapse of a country can be caused by music. To find out more about music, the following functions of music and its good benefits for the child’s development period.
1. Means of Communication
The first function of music is as a means of communication. Music is a universal language that can create peace, human solidarity.
This will be able to support the creation of a communication medium among fellow human beings. Music is able to convey a message. That represents someone’s angry, sad, and happy feelings without them having to explain it.
Not infrequently someone is able to give meaning to music without understanding the language used.
2. Media Preserve Culture
The next function of music is as a medium to preserve culture. Each place has its own cultural diversity.
3. National Unifying Tool
Indonesia has a national anthem Indonesia Raya created by Wage Rudolf Supratman. This is one of the things that proves. That through music a sense of belonging to a nation can be fostered.
Every country in the world always has its own national anthem. Therefore, in this position music can be a tool to unite the nation.
4. Means of expression
The next function of music is a means of expression. Music can express or represent a feeling from someone who made or listened to it. This explains that bringing music can also be a means to overflowing one’s expression.
5. Educator Tools
Music can also function as an educational tool. The norms that apply in society can be conveyed through music. When viewed for example in children’s songs, a lot of learning is conveyed. Starting from respecting teachers and parents even other good habits.
6. Cultural Symbols
The next function of music has a big enough share in realizing the traditional values of the culture. The reason is, in some traditional ceremonies using music as accompaniment. This explains that music can be a cultural symbol of a certain area.
7. Media to Increase Hormone Production
Music can also be a medium for increasing the production of the hormone dopamine. This hormone dopamine works to have a happy effect on a person. Brain function becomes calmer and happier by listening to music.
Benefits of Music Against Child Development
- Stimulating Brain Development in the Fetus
Prof. Dr. Utami Munandar, a professor of the Faculty of Psychology at the University of Indonesia. In a seminar entitled “The Effects of Listening to Classical Music on the Fetus and Pregnancy”. Said that listening to classical music is actually part of some stimulation. That is usually given by pregnant women to the fetus in the womb.
- Increase in Concentration
The researchers explain that each particular type of music can increase positive emotions. That can stimulate the brain to increase concentration. In a study conducted by Susan Hallam, professor of education and music psychology from the University of London. It was revealed that children who regularly listen to classical music, the experience increased concentration and listening skills.
- Improve IQ and Learning Processes in Children
Launch of Liputan6, a journal from Nature entitled “Musical and Spatial Task Performance”. Explains that Mozart’s musical function can make intelligence increase. According to the results of research from three researchers who experimented from the University of California. The United States also showed positive results.