Music is sound that is made in such a way that it contains rhythm. Songs and harmony, especially sound produced from media that can produce rhythm. The media can consist of traditional musical instruments or modern musical instruments.
Perhaps many of us understand music to the extent of work created by artists. However, more than that before the work was created There are. Elements that must be given from the Music Elements and Music Functions. Is that? Let’s immediately discuss one by one.
Music is the main variable in human life. Since time immemorial music has played a role in several functions based on the type of music itself.
Of the various forms of music, music functions can be grouped according to sections, which are as follows:
1. Music as a means of self-expression
An artist will more easily express or express his feelings through music. In addition to showing his talent, overflowing feelings through music will be more easily accepted.
More than such music is in the form of vocals that contain lyrics that are arranged beautifully. And easily understood, given the rhythm that represents the disclosure that will be issued. For example, when it is taken to vent sadly. The rhythm that is played consists of rhythms with a slow and smooth tempo. Demand, if the tone is fast and passionate to represent happy and happy.
2. Music as a means of entertainment
Music is very efficient in entertaining. As long as the music is considered neat, it is certain that the music can be entertaining. Someone even needs music to entertain themselves if they are bored or sad. More than entertaining, music can also relax people from their daily lives.
3. Music as a Means of Therapy
Music as initial therapy was initially introduced in World War II to heal war victims. Now music is often used to treat mental illness or organ paralysis. Music can also be useful for refreshing the brain system after a long time at work.
4. Music as a Means of Ceremony
Music in Indonesia will always be closely related to certain ceremonies such as marriage. Birth, death, and religious and state ceremonies. In some areas, the sound of a music medium is believed to have a magical element.
5. Music as a Commercial Facility
For artists, music is one of the coffers of income. They record their work in the form of cassettes or CDs.
After that, their work will be sold to the market. From the results of this sale, they get income to make ends meet. Not only in cassette and CD media. Musicians also perform for free.
Music is also often contracted as an accompaniment to a film or commonly known as OST (Original Soundtrack). Usually, the music used as OST has a connection to the film in the form of a common story. That can express the contents of the film. Even music is also widely used as an OST of an advertisement, both on television and radio.
6. Music as a Means of Dance
Music is often suitable when connected with dance. Both are interconnected with the similarity in structure and rhythm with each other. A dance without musical rhythm will give the impression of being empty (empty) and making it difficult for the dancer.
When a dancer demonstrates the dance motion it takes tempo and rhythm so that the movements are beautiful. In Indonesia, sounds or music are created by the community to fill regional dances.
Therefore, most regional dances in Indonesia can only be accompanied by their own regional music. Certainly abroad is also like that. Such as dance, ballet, and others.
7. Music as a Means of Education
As an educational medium, music is used as a learning process in schools. Music is used to create a sense of patriotism for students through struggle songs. More than that, folk songs can also be used for teaching students in terms of increasing tolerance for ethnic. Racial and religious differences.
In education, music can also be used as a means of student self-development. Music can also print a good mental for humans. As Bung Hatta said, music can foster subtle feelings and subtle thoughts in human mentality.
With music, the soul has a greater sense of harmony and rhythm. Between the two is a good foundation to foster a sense of justice.
But in music education, songs must be avoided that are debilitating and easily increase despicable lust.
8. Music as a Means of Communication
In some regions in Indonesia, certain instrument tones have certain meanings also for members of their community groups. The sounds contain a certain rhythmic structure that indicates that there is an event. Or the agenda that the public wants to inform. Instruments that are often used in the Indonesian population are kentongan, drum in surau, and bells in churches.
9. Music as a Means of Creativity
Creative is a trait attached to human beings that is related to the ability or power to produce. The nature of this creativity is always needed to accompany someone’s character in order to meet their needs.
Elements of Music Art
A melody is a set of phrases that are created from notes in a sequence. Interval, and high and low pattern. Among other elements of musical art, the melody is recognized as an element that is the attraction of music itself.
As for creating melodies, artists usually use percussion or other melodic music media such as piano, guitar, or bonang.
Rhythm (rhythm), namely the alternation of short lengths. Highs, and soft and soft tones or sounds in a range of music. Simply put, rhythm can be composed as a determinant of beats in music.
The emergence of this element of musical art is usually caused by the repetition of sounds. The short length of words in a song, or the cause of changes in word stresses.
Burama is an element of musical art in the form of repeated beats. Or swings that come periodically at the same time.
Writing bars is often written infractions like 2/4, 3/4, 2/3, and so on. Numbers above the “/” sign (numerator) imply the number of beats. While numbers above the “/” sign (denominator) imply the tone value in one beat.
An even denominator whose value is even called a barain, while an odd denominator is called ternair.
Harmony is a set of notes that when played together makes a pleasant sound. It can also be interpreted as a series of chords that are arranged harmoniously and played as musical accompaniment.
Scales are tiers arranged tiered and played as important elements in musical art performances. There are 2 types of scales, namely diatonic scales, and pentatonic scales.
Diantonist scales are scales created from 7 notes with 2 types of distance (1/2 and 1). While diatonic scales are scales consisting of 5 notes with a certain distance.
The tempo is a measure of the speed of a song’s bar. The faster a song is played, the greater the tempo value of the song. The elements of this one musical art are grouped into 8, namely Largo (Very Slow), Lento (Slower), Adagio (Slow). Andante (Medium), Moderato (Moderately Fast), Allegro (Fast), Vivace (More Fast), and Presto (Very Fast).
Dynamic is a sign to play a tone with a loud or soft volume. Among other elements of musical art, dynamics is the most powerful element describing the feelings contained in a musical configuration.
The dynamics are important to show whether a song has a sad, cheerful, aggressive, and flat feel.
The dynamics are denoted in the following abbreviations f (forte), ff (fotissimo), fff (forte fortissimo), mf (mezzo forte), p (piano), pp (pianissimo), ppp (pianissimo piano), mp (mezzo piano), > (crescendo), and <(decrescendo).
Timbre is the sound quality or color. The existence of this musical art element is very much influenced. By the origin of the sound and how it vibrates. The timbre produced by the wind music media will certainly be different from the timbre produced from stringed instruments. Even though both are played in the same vein.